The Meaning of Ferns for the Brontës- An Article by Maddalena de Leo

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Besides the purple heather, in September and October you can also see ferns on the moors. They form a wide green sea, especially along the path that goes from Top Withens to the Brontë Falls. Ferns used to be highly regarded in the Victorian Era, even more than flowers. People used to press them and keep …

Bad Book or Rank Imitation?- An Article by Maddalena De Leo

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In 2001 I read the novel Here on Earth, by American author Alice Hoffman. She was little known then, but today she’s a famous and prolific writer. I still remember it as one of the worst book I’ve ever read, as I explained in this review that I wrote at the time: According to the introduction, …

Patrick, an eccentric Reverend- Article by Maddalena De Leo

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Reverend Patrick Brontë used to put both sugar and salt in his tea and he used to have lunch alone in his studio. Since he used to bring a walking stick with him everywhere he was called Old Staff. Also, he used to wind the clock up every night before going to sleep, and shoot …

Brontë Curiosities: legends from Haworth- An Article by Maddalena De Leo

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Let’s have a look at the many local legends told by Tabby to the young Brontës in stormy, winter nights. One of those that captured their imagination was about the Gytrash, a legendary black dog well-known in northern England. It was said that this animal would appear in the form of a horse, a donkey …

Readings- The Second Discovered Manuscript. Article by Maddalena De Leo

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The new poetic manuscript found in the book belonged to the mother of the Brontës contains seventy-two iambic pentameter verses. Charlotte wrote them using a pencil, and in a small letters handwriting. The fact that there are several erasure marks and corrections in the text makes it clear that Charlotte was still editing it when the …